In his book, Think and Grow Rich Napoleon Hill cited eleven attributes of leadership.
1. Unwavering courage based upon knowledge of self, and of one’s occupation. No follower wishes to be dominated by a leader who lacks self-confidence.
2. Self-control. The man who cannot control himself can never control others. Self-control sets a mighty example for one’s followers, which the more intelligent will emulate.
3. A keen sense of justice. Without a sense of fairness and justice, no leader can command and retain the respect of his followers.
4. Definiteness of decision. The man who wavers in his decisions, shows that he is not sure of himself, cannot lead others successfully.
5. Definiteness of plans. The successful leader must plan his work, and work his plan. A leader who moves by guesswork, without practical, definite plans, is comparable to a ship without a rudder. Sooner or later he will land on the rocks.
6. The habit of doing more than paid for. One of the penalties of leadership is the necessity of willingness, upon the part of the leader to do more than he requires of his followers.
7. A pleasing personality. No slovenly, careless persons can become a successful leader. Leaders call for respect. Followers will not respect a leader who does not grade high on all of the factors of the pleasing personality.
8.Sympathy and understanding. The successful leader must be in sympathy with his followers. Moreover, he must understand them and their problems.
9. Mastery of detail. Successful leadership calls for mastery of the details of the leader’s position.
10. Willingness to assume full responsibility. The successful leader must be willing to assume the responsibility for the mistakes and the shortcomings of his followers. If he tries to shift this responsibility, he will not remain a leader.
11. Cooperation. The successful leader must understand and apply the principle of cooperative effort and be able to induce his followers to do the same. Leadership calls for power, and power calls for cooperation.
The art and skill of leadership is a potential that can be learned and developed by those who are willing to take responsibility and sacrifice. This book is published last 1960 and it’s so amazing that these attributes are still applicable in our present ever changing society.
May God bless you and your leadership.